Simla Agreement Date
The summit conference between Bhutto and Indra Gandhi opened in Simla on the agreed date. The summit conference was held from June 28 to July 2, 1972. The objective of the agreement was to define the measures envisaged to normalize bilateral relations and to resolve mutual disputes through peaceful means and bilateral negotiations. India wanted to solve all the problems in one package, so it proposed a treaty of friendship that required the two countries to refrain from the use of force in dispute resolution, not to interfere in each other`s internal affairs, not to participate in the settlement of their disputes and to renounce military alliances directed against each other. Pakistan wanted to focus on issues as immediate as the release of prisoners of war, the withdrawal of troops and the resumption of diplomatic relations. It rejected the Indian proposal on the grounds that it would imply a lasting adoption of the partition of Kashmir and the withdrawal of the UN Kashmir dispute. As part of the agreement, the two nations, India and Pakistan, had agreed to refrain from threats and violence in violation of the line of control in Jammu and Kashmir. On July 2, 1972, the two countries reached an agreement. The main clauses of the Simla agreement are: what the Simla agreement did not obtain for India could have been achieved through the Delhi agreement signed by India, Pakistan and Bangladesh in 1973. The agreement emphasizes respect for the sovereignty, territorial integrity, political independence and unity of the other.
It also mentions non-interference in the internal affairs of the other and hostile propaganda. This agreement is ratified by both countries in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures and enters into force from the date of exchange of ratification instruments.  The agreement is the result of the determination of the two countries to “end the conflict and confrontation that have so far affected their relations”.